Massage is an umbrella term covering many different techniques and healing philosophies. In general, massage is manipulation of the body’s skin, muscles and connective tissues, usually with the hands, but also with mechanical tools applied to the body’s surface. Massage therapy can be relaxing and soothing, or rough and intense, depending on the type of massage involved.
When choosing a type of massage for arthritis, moderate pressure is key, because it stimulates pressure receptors under the skin that convey signals to the brain that alleviate pain and stress-reducing neurochemicals like serotonin, says Tiffany Field, PhD, a research psychologist at the University of Miami Medical School. Any type of full-body massage therapy that involves moderate pressure, including self-massage, should help relieve arthritis pain and ease tension, she says.
Hot Stone Massage.
Offered in many day spas, hot stone massage
involves placing smooth, heated stones on your back as you lie on your stomach.
The hot stones send soothing heat to the muscles and tissues, releasing tension
and promoting relaxation. Other forms involve cold stones, which may help sore
muscles from exercise-related injuries or swelling. Some therapists may use
both hot and cold stones for contrast or for different healing purposes.
Myofascial release aims to relieve pain by
manipulating the fascia, connective tissues that surround muscles, blood
vessels and nerves. During myofascial release, a therapist stretches and
releases those connective tissues by gently rolling the skin back and forth on
the back, legs and other areas of the body. Usually, no oils, lotions or
massage tools are used.
Rolfing is similar to myofascial release,
and is part of a healing philosophy called structural integration. Rolfing
involves moving the body into certain positions and manipulating fascia
tissues. Rolfing aims not only to promote pain relief and relaxation, but to
restore posture and range of motion.
Shiatsu is a Japanese massage technique
widely performed in the United States. Shiatsu therapists apply pressure to
specific points of the body using the fingers and palms in continuous, rhythmic
motions. Like other Asian massage and healing philosophies, shiatsu is thought
to restore the flow of qi, or healthy energy, in the body. No oils are used and
usually you remain totally clothed during shiatsu.
Trigger Point Massage.
Trigger point massage is designed to
relieve pain in particular areas of the body by applying pressure or vibration
into myofascial trigger points. Trigger point therapy that includes injections
into the trigger points should only be performed in a clinical setting, such as
a doctor’s office, or physical therapy or chiropractic office. Trigger points
are points in the muscles where knots may form, and the pinpointed pressure is
designed to relax those knots and ease pain.
When your time or budget doesn’t allow for a
professional massage, sometimes you have to take matters into your own hands. Self-massage
is a great way to target painful areas and provide immediate relief, when and
where you need it most.
Even if you regularly receive professional massage therapy, self-massage between those sessions will help extend the benefits of your massage, he says.